WordPress Tutorial- Complete Guide For Beginners in 2020

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It is a complete WordPress tutorial that helps beginners to learn about it completely. The tutorial includes all the basics of WordPress from installation to your first post. You can learn all key things about WordPress with the help of this tutorial if you are new to WordPress.

This guide is for those who already registered a domain and got a web hosting as well as for those who want to start a blog after learning the basics. This WordPress tutorial will be helpful to all the beginners of WordPress. So, let’s start.

Introduction to WordPress

WordPress is a type of Computer Management System (CMS) that is used to design, customize, and manipulate the contents of a website without engaging with any kind of coding.

You can learn easily to manage your website yourself with the help of this WordPress tutorial. Currently, more than 170 million active websites are managed in WordPress throughout the world. Many plugins are available in WordPress to add more features to your website.

There are two versions of WordPress- WordPress.com and WordPress.org. This WordPress tutorial is about WordPress.org.

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Installation of WordPress

You must have an active domain and web host to install WordPress. If you still haven’t started a website, you can learn to start it from the beginning.

Almost 60% of the websites are managed in WordPress. So, web hosting companies are positive towards WordPress. Many web hosting companies provide the installation of WordPress in just a few clicks directly from the dashboard.

As every web host’s dashboard is different from one another we can’t say exactly where you can find a WordPress install button in the dashboard. You should look for the FAQ page or support page on the Web Hosting Company’s website. There may be something like an application installer or CMS installer.

In case your web hosting company does not provide a one-click WordPress installation, you can do it manually. Download WordPress in a zip file, extract it and upload it to the root directory of a website.

Go to http://www.yourdomainname.com/wp-login/ to login to WordPress. After entering the username and password in the WordPress login page, you will be directed to the WordPress admin area where you can manage your website.

In the WordPress Admin Area

Choosing a Theme for your site

Choose theme option in wordpress admin area to change the theme
Theme option in the WordPress admin area

Choosing a theme that looks better to your site is the first step you have to do in WordPress. Good features of a theme include speed, mobile-friendly and highly customizable. The speed of your website plays an important role to rank in search results.

Mobile searches are higher than desktop searches, that’s why it is important for the theme you choose to be mobile-friendly. You can choose any popular theme that looks better at the beginning stage. After getting some experience you can change your theme according to your necessity.

Setting up your profile

Choose view profile option to edit admin profile
View Profile option in the WordPress admin area

It is important to set up your profile after installing WordPress. You can build trust among your visitors by setting up your profile. You can also create a separate page about yourself. Add at least one photo of yourself and other important information like biodata, qualification, university, etc.

Set up your profile in WordPress Gravatar. Your name and profile photo will appear the same in every WordPress website where you engage through comments or posts. This is important for building your own recognition as a webmaster. As well as, you can increase people’s engagement on your website.

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Customizing the WordPress Theme

Choosing customize option in wordpress admin area to customize theme
Customize option in the WordPress admin area

In this WordPress tutorial section, you’ll learn to customize your website in WordPress.

To give a website professional look it is important to customize your theme in WordPress. You should design your website to make it attractive and interesting to grab the attention of visitors. The bounce rate of your site will be high if it has a boring and nonprofessional design.

  1. Create a favicon and logo for your site: You must have a unique logo and favicon of your website to recognize it as a brand on the internet. People would quickly identify your site just by looking at your logo or favicon. It also adds professionalism to your site and people would generally trust you.
  2. Widgets, Menus, Header and Footer: You can add different widgets like search, social media buttons, forms, archives, pages, etc. in your sidebar, header, and footer. Adding a primary menu is very important. Almost every site has a primary menu at the top of its site below the header. You can add pages, categories, tags and many other things on the menu.
  3. Homepage: The homepage is the main or front page of your website. You can set a static or post page as your home. For a business website, setting up a static page is better, while for blogging, recent posts type works better.

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Adding About page, Contact page and Privacy Policy page in your WordPress

Adding an about page in a WordPress website gives the followers an opportunity to know more about the site. This would be beneficial as it increases traffic to your site. Add about your business, its services, location, team, etc. in the about page.

Help people to contact you if they have any queries, feedback or suggestions for your website by creating a contact page. It also helps them to report any technical problems on your site. You’ll also get benefited by collecting emails from the contact page which you can use for email marketing.

Creating a Privacy Policy page is also a necessary thing to do in WordPress. You can create it yourself or by using a draft from the privacy setting.

choosing privacy setting to add privacy policy page
Privacy Setting in the WordPress admin area

Necessary Plugins to install in WordPress

To install a plugin point to the ‘Plugin’ option on the left side of the WordPress admin area and click on ‘Add new’. Then search for your desired plugin. The following are the necessary plugins that must be installed in WordPress.

  1. Social media share plugin: You can add any social media sharing plugin in WordPress. These plugins are used to add a social media share button to posts and pages which helps to get more traffic from social media like Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, and Pinterest.
  2. Security plugins: These types of plugin helps to prevent spamming in the comments and forms as well as block unwanted traffic to reach the server. It is very important to install at least one such type of plugin. The most popular plugins are Jetpack, Akismet Anti-Spam, Sucuri, etc.
  3. SEO plugin: SEO is very important for your website to get more traffic from search engines. For the proper SEO of your site and its contents install an SEO plugin. Most popular plugins are Yoast SEO, All in one SEO, etc.

Learn more about SEO

Changing some necessary settings in WordPress

You can change some basic settings like your time, title, the tagline from the general tab. From the discussion tab, you can control the comments in your posts. Using comment moderation you can control spamming.

You can control how your posts and pages are shown on the site from the reading tab. And, from the writing tab, you can choose editors.

The most important of all- you must change the structure of URL of posts from the permalinks tab to ‘post name’. By default, it is ‘plain’ which is not good for SEO.

Learn more about SEO

changing permalink structure to post name for better seo
Changing permalink structure to post name

Or, you can change to custom structure /%category%/%postname%/ for permalinks of category base like ours.

Adding your first post in WordPress

adding new post to wordpress
Add a new post to WordPress

You can add a new post by pointing to the ‘Posts’ option and clicking ‘Add new’. There are two editors available in the WordPress- classic editor and block editor (better for beginners). You can write freely in the classic editor while block editor works on blocks. There are separate blocks for Heading, Images, Paragraph, Shortcodes, etc.

On the right side, you can manage general settings for your post like allowing comments, adding a featured photo, visibility of a post, etc.

While writing a post you should keep SEO in mind to get more traffic from search engines. We have written more about SEO in a separate post. You can learn SEO after learning the basics of WordPress to increase the traffic on your website.

RELATED ARTICLE: 7 Things You Should Know Before You Start A Blog

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Binod Bhatt

I'm from Baitadi, Nepal, a professional web developer, and a passionate blogger. I have more than three years of blogging experience and have worked for the success of many blogs and business websites. More... Find me: Facebook | Twitter

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